China’s capital on Monday recorded its first death from a deadly coronavirus as it struggles to contain a rapidly spreading disease that has sparked global alarm, with countries scrambling to evacuate their citizens from the epicentre of the epidemic.
The death in Beijing raises the death toll from the new virus to 82, with more than 2,700 people infected across the nation and cases found in more than a dozen other countries.
Mongolia closed its vast border to vehicles from China while Germany urged its citizens to avoid travelling to the country and Malaysia banned people from central Hubei province, where the pneumonia-like virus emerged, from entering its soil.
In a sign of the mounting official concern, Premier Li Keqiang visited ground zero to oversee containment efforts in Wuhan, a city of 11 million people where the disease first appeared late last month.
The government has sealed off Wuhan and other cities in Hubei province, effectively trapping tens of millions of people, including thousands of foreigners, in a bid to contain the virus as the Lunar New Year holiday unfolds.
The Communist government decided to extend the holiday, initially due to end on January 30, for three days to limit population flows and control the epidemic.
US President Donald Trump said the United States has offered China “any help that is necessary” in combating the virus.
Beijing’s health commission said a 50 year-old-man who visited Wuhan died of respiratory failure on Monday, only 20 days after visiting the city.
More than 700 new infections were confirmed in the country, while the number of suspected cases doubled over a 24-hour period to nearly 6,000.
The youngest infected patient was a nine-month-old baby being treated in Beijing.
In Wuhan, AFP reporters saw construction workers making progress in the building of one of two field hospitals that China is racing to complete by next week to relieve overcrowded facilities swamped with people waiting hours to see doctors.
On day five under quarantine, residents shouted “Go Wuhan” from their windows, according to videos posted online, and AFP journalists saw a building with the words lit up in red in front of the Yangtze river.
“I’m getting more concerned every day,” Do Quang Duy, a 32-year-old Vietnamese masters student in Wuhan, told AFP.
Landlocked Mongolia, which is heavily dependent on trade with China, closed the border with its huge neighbour to cars.
Mongolian schools and universities will be shut until March 2, while public gatherings involving sports and entertainment are also suspended.
Malaysia banned visitors from Wuhan and its surrounding Hubei province. Turkey advised its citizens to avoid non-essential travel to China altogether.
In Germany, Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said the government was holding crisis talks with health experts to discuss the spread of the virus.
“Travellers should consider delaying or cancelling any unnecessary trips to China,” Maas said.
A US-bound flight is scheduled to leave Wuhan on Tuesday with consular staff and some American citizens. France plans to fly citizens out of the city in the middle of this week. Japan will also bring its citizens home.
Belgium, Bangladesh, India and Spain said they were working to repatriate their nationals, while Germany was considering the possibility.
The World Health Organization last week stopped short of declaring the outbreak a global emergency, which could have prompted international trade or travel restrictions.
But the world body said on Monday that the global risk from the deadly virus in China was “high”, admitting an error in its previous reports that said it was “moderate”.
WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus headed to Beijing for discussions with Chinese officials.
Global stock markets and oil prices plunged on Monday over coronavirus fears.
The virus is believed to have jumped to people from animals in a Wuhan market that sold a wide range of exotic wild game.
China on Sunday banned all wildlife trade until the emergency subsides.
The virus has caused global concern because of its similarity to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which killed hundreds across mainland China and Hong Kong in 2002-2003 and was also traced to the wild game trade.
Authorities around China have already imposed aggressive curbs on transport during the usually high-traffic Lunar New Year season to keep the virus from spreading.
At Beijing’s main international airport, almost all passengers wear masks. Fever checks are conducted at subway and railway stations.
Typically, hundreds of millions of people criss-cross China in jam-packed buses and trains during the holiday, a time for family reunions.
But the festivities have been ruined this year by coronavirus, which can be transmitted between humans, with people told to avoid gatherings.
Countless popular public attractions and seasonal festivals have been shut down. Several Beijing malls shortened their opening hours, according to state media.
The nationwide measures threaten to put a dent in an economy that was already slowing down.
Beijing and Shanghai were among places mandating stringent checks and 14-day observation periods for people arriving from Hubei.
Wuhan’s mayor Zhou Xianwang said around five million people had left the stricken city during the new year travel rush in January, highlighting fears the virus could spread further.